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As a newbie cannabis grower, you have to do research on how to do things properly to have a successful result. First, you have to find a place where you’re going to grow your plants, and also, you have to have the proper equipment. Then, you have to buy your desired cannabis strain. But, it’s not simple, you also have to monitor and check your plants to keep them healthy and strong. In this article, we will tackle how to grow marijuana indoors, and let us know what is the right thing to do to obtain the best results.
1st Step: Choose a Growing Room
You don’t necessarily need a large room to grow your cannabis plants. Cabinet, small tent, or specific area in your spare room is the common growing space for small-scale cannabis growers. If you don’t have any extra room, it doesn’t matter because you can still use some small corner of your house and that’s enough. Below are some of the growing rooms you might use on your journey.
- Grow Tents
Growing tents is the most convenient way of growing, and it is probably the most common among indoor cannabis growers. You can probably find the tent you need to grow most of your plants you can think of, whether you need a place in your garage, somewhere in your living room, or you might need a tent just like a whole room.
- Grow Room
There is no doubt that having your own room/space could be more convenient instead of buying a tent, it doesn’t matter if it is in your bedroom, your garage, or in your cabinet. Growing rooms already have the space you need, like windows and power outlets.
When you grow inside, it’s just not going to happen, but you don’t have loads of space outside either, think about buying or building a greenhouse. In a greenhouse, you get all the advantages of growing outdoors like temp and plenty of light with the added advantage of growing indoors. You tend to save money on lighting by using sunlight, which is probably one of the best light sources available when you are in a greenhouse.
2nd Step: Choosing your growing medium
Types of nutrients, how to feed your plants, and how challenging the correcting issues would be, will depend on what growing medium you’re going to use. There are 3 usual growing mediums to choose from and they also have pros and cons.
The ideal all-purpose medium is soil. Most soils don’t need a lot of additional nutrition because they’re already packed with nutrients. If you start mixing your own super soil, you could even eliminate about 90% of additional nutrition and just use water for most of the plant’s life.
Hydroponics is a soilless-all-water way of growing medium. If you run into nutrient issues they are quicker and much easier to fix than soil issues, because it is a lot less messy than dirt. Growing in hydroponics mediums takes less time than planting in soil.
Coco is the ideal common way between soil and hydroponics mediums. Although there is no nutritional benefit for coco-coir as with soil, the nutrition it gets appears to be greater than for hydroponic methods. That means you’re not going to have to run a very heavy flow of water as you might in the hydro, so you can make sure that your cannabis plants are receiving nutrition from the very start rather than trusting the soil will have enough to carry you through to flowering.
3rd Step: Choosing to grow lights
The source of light you use in your growing rooms plays an important role in calculating the quality of your plants. We suggest investing in a high degree lighting setup as it is where your plant would depend on most of its life. Especially when you’re planning on growing for a long time, it’s worth it in the end.
- LED grow lights
LED lights are the preferred alternatives for most cannabis growers if the price is not taken into consideration. They use very little energy and generate very little heat. As well, LEDs encompass wavelengths around the spectrum of light so that they can lead to greater yield and high-quality cannabis plants.
- Induction lights
Induction lamps are a strange choice for indoor cannabis growers. Even so, some groups have recently developed them into the marijuana market. They possibly can show great value in terms of price and effectiveness. These types of lamps are more efficient unlike fluorescent lighting, but are affordable than LED lamps and HID lamps.
- HID grow lights
The most widely used DIY-style growing lights are usually hidden grow lights. They usually take the highest perceived value in terms of price, effectiveness, and simplicity of operation. The biggest disadvantage is that they demand a number of accessories to correctly work. As a result, the total cost can increase quite rapidly, based as to how much you’re willing to spend money. HID lights generate a considerable amount of heat. You must therefore invest in the fuel tank and the hood or reflector for every light. It is almost compulsory for temp control in your growing room. Attach the hood to your ventilation system to remove extra heat and retain average air temperature.
- Fluorescent grow lights
Generally, fluorescent lights are much easier and cheaper than using other lighting alternatives. They are an excellent choice for those who do not plan long-term working. They do not need to be connected to an outer ventilation system. Fluorescent lights might be a little less efficient than most other lighting alternatives. Even so, it’s probably your best bet for newbie DIY cannabis growers with a single plant or two.
4th Step: Airflow
Ensure you’ve got an accurate airflow all over your whole plot. You can do this easily, based on the size of your growing room. All you need now is a portable fan on one corner of the wall, and an exhaust fan from the other facing the ceiling. The exhaust sucks out the stagnant hot air, since warmer air rises. The fan offers great availability of cooler, carbon-dioxide-filled fresh air. This method allows continual fresh air supply to your plants. Also, it helps to keep temperatures at a tolerable level. Most marijuana strains like the upper-temperature range around 70 to 85°F. Keep room temp around 55 to 75° if the lights are off. Strain Indica. usually prefer the cold part of the scale.
5th Step: Monitor the Growing Process
The next step is to set up a self-monitoring system to control everything. We’re assuming you can’t afford to spend 24 hours each day in your growing space! You’ll need to have a 24-hour stopwatch and a detachable thermostat. This helps to set your air vent to shift on as soon as the temperature rises to a certain degree. The outcome is a relatively s-+ table temp range as well as humidity while saving money and energy. The 24-hour clock is just as essential as that. When your cannabis plants are growing vegetatively, a supply of light is about 16 and 20 hours each day needed. Your cannabis plants required 12 hours of light and 12 hours of the dark when they mature and reach the flowering stage.
6th Step: Nutrients
Making sure that your cannabis plants have the nutrients right is probably second to only lighting in terms of relevance. Appropriate choice and implementation of nutrients are one of the most crucial factors driving the development of high-quality marijuana. Growing it under suboptimal conditions means that you might miss out on potency and yield, while marijuana is adaptable.
- Copper (Cu)
- Nitrogen (N)
- Iron (Fe)
- Potassium (P)
- Magnesium (Mg)
- Calcium (Ca)
- Phosphorus (Ph)
These macronutrients can be pre-packaged in powder or liquid form (if you use a non-supplemented soil mixture). Even so, many organic “super soils” already contain adequate amounts of them.
7th Step: Watering your Plants
Overwatering your plants can be harmful to their development and can possibly kill them. The amount and the frequency of water you give is seen by the obvious things. This includes the stage of growth and the size of your plant. Make sure that there’s drainage to your container so that the water won’t stock in your pot. Try to only moisten the soil instead of saturating it when you water it. Most cannabis growers fill a spar bottle or jar from their tap water. Always remember that this can affect your plants if your water has too much chlorine or unprocessed minerals on it.
The best experience is harvesting your own hemp. You learn more things in the process, you learn something new every time you harvest. There’s no doubt that a little learning curve is involved. You’re going to make your fair proportion of the errors. But believe me, it’s worth the effort.