Nowadays, it is easier to know where to get marijuana seeds because of the rise of many seed banks that are based all over the world. While seed banks have always been famous thanks to how they were able to make use of digital technology to increase their audience, it has only been recently that they have become even more popular in the cannabis community.
Ever since many North American countries and states decided to legalize marijuana, seed banks became a hot topic. One would perhaps say that this is due to how there are now more people buying and cultivating their own marijuana seeds because cannabis is now legal. However, one of the better reasons for the rise of seed banks is the shortage of legal cannabis seeds in Canada and perhaps even in other states in the US as well.
In that sense, it is a good idea for you to go to your preferred seed banks so that you can grow your own weed seeds at home. However, growing marijuana seeds is not the easiest task in the world if you do not know what you are doing. As such, it is paramount for you to first know how to germinate them.
What is Germination?
Germination is a term that is not exclusive to marijuana plants. In fact, it is common to almost any organism that begins its life from seed. It is when a seed begins to bud as a new plant starts to sprout out from it after breaking the shell of the seed.
It is only when the seed gets its required nutrients that germination occurs. When it does so, this will trigger the enzymes inside the seed to activate as new life begins to emerge from within the seed itself. As such, the process of the growth of a new cannabis plant begins.
For germination to happen, the seed needs to absorb water and oxygen first. This process of water and oxygen absorption should also be accompanied by a bit of heat (or cold) surrounding the seed and some light as well. And when the seeds get their required nutrients, that is when they will begin to sprout. As such, germination happens.
Water is perhaps the most important requirement for a seed to germinate because it is what stimulates root growth inside the seed. However, it is also important to note that some seeds only need a bit of moisture as too much water may prevent them from absorbing oxygen.
Also, different types of seeds and strains may require a bit of heat or must be in cold temperatures for them to germinate. It really depends on the strain. Finally, light is important for the seeds because the growing plant will soon begin its life as a light-dependent organism.
What happens first during germination is for a single root to grow out of the opened seed. In most cannabis plants, this root tends to be white. Called the taproot, it is the main root from which all other roots will grow. The taproot also begins to sprout out so that the growing marijuana plant gets to absorb more water. As such, this single root is perhaps the most important part of a young cannabis plants’ life.
After you transfer the newly emerged seedlings to their medium (if ever you germinated them before planting them), the other parts of the plant (such as stems and leaves) will begin to emerge as your marijuana plant will begin to rely more on light for its continued development.
What are the Quickest Ways to Germinate Marijuana Seeds?
Though the process of germination almost never changes, there are different methods to achieve it. The methods of germinating marijuana seeds are not made equal. There are those that are safer while some techniques tend to speed up the process. In that sense, here are the fastest ways for you to germinate your weed seeds:
- Starter cubes
Using starter cubes or seedling plugs is perhaps the best way for you to germinate your cannabis seeds because using it is so easy and time-efficient. These cubes or plugs can be purchased in your nearby marijuana specialty stores.
To start, you just simply have to place the seed inside a pre-made hole on the starter cubes or seedling plugs. After placing the seed in the hole, use your fingers to pinch it closed. You can almost never mess this part up as the starter cubes make everything easy for you.
After that, place the cubes or plugs on a tray and then add water. Be careful not to flood the tray with water. You just have to make sure that the cubes are moist enough but not too wet as this might damage the seeds in the process.
Place the tray in an area with the right temperature and lighting conditions and wait a few days for them to germinate. It might be better for you to place them under a heated lamp or outside where they can get a lot of sunlight.
- Paper towel method
This is perhaps the most popular way of germinating marijuana seeds and is also one of the most affordable ways of doing so because all you need are common items you can find in almost any household.
The paper towel method only requires you to use cheap paper towels that are not too absorbent as the pores may absorb the seed’s roots once they begin to sprout. After that, get two clean plates. And the final requirement is, of course, water.
To start, soak the paper towels in water and make sure they are wet and moist but not to the point that they would end up dripping water all over. Place a sheet of paper towel on one of the plates and then put the seeds on top of the sheet. Make sure there is at least an inch of distance between the seeds. Cover the seeds with one or two paper towels afterward. Use the second plate to cover them so that you will be able to lock the moisture inside.
Place the plates in a room with temperatures somewhere between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. All you have to do is to wait. You can also check the seeds often to see whether or not they have begun to sprout. Also, make sure that the paper towels stay moist the entire time. If you see them drying up, try to add a bit of water but never flood the plates or else you might end up damaging the seeds.
The usual waiting period for the seeds to germinate is at least one day. However, depending on the age of your seeds, it may even take seven days for them to germinate. Older seeds tend to germinate longer. On your part, you just have to be patient with your seeds.
- Planting directly into the medium
This method is arguably the “fastest” in the sense that you no longer have to do anything once you started planting the seeds directly into their medium. All you have to do is to treat your seeds the way you treat your cannabis plants from then on. This is also the most natural and safest way to germinate your seeds because, other than the fact that this is what usually happens in nature, you also no longer have to risk damaging the roots by transferring the seedlings into their medium.
The first thing you need to do is to choose a medium for growing your seeds. Soil is perhaps the most preferred choice here. Dig a hole that is about an inch deep into the soil. Place the seeds into the hole and cover them up with soil. Make sure the soil stays moist the entire time as you do not want your seeds to feel thirsty as they try to germinate. All you have to do from then on is to wait for them to begin to sprout.
- Soaking in water
Soaking your seeds in water overnight is so easy and cheap that all you need is a glass of water. Make sure the glass is clear and transparent so that you can see what is happening inside. The water should also be lukewarm.
After that, place your seeds in the glass of lukewarm water and wait. Wait about a day and a half for the seeds to begin to germinate. However, there is a risk that the seeds will end up drowning if they have not sprouted after a day and a half. In that case, take out the seeds that did not germinate and use the paper towel method instead.
This method will not always germinate the seeds but it is a good way of waking up older seeds that have harder shells. It is also a good idea for you to start with this method before using the paper towel method so that you can make sure that all of your seeds will end up germinating quickly because the paper towel method will not always work for older seeds with harder shells.