One of the best ways to differentiate cannabis from each other would be through their species and kinds. You see, a lot of people do not know this but marijuana strains are usually categorized based on the genotype and composition of each plant. Each strain has a different set of genetic makeup that will cause various traits and characteristics to surface when being cultivated. Understanding all of these is a great way of broadening your knowledge about the variations of cannabis that the world has to offer. Once you get a firm grasp of the idea behind the types of weed, it will be a lot easier for you to distinguish the plants you choose to grow and the buds that you wish to smoke.
For those who are new to the cannabis industry, spotting the differences between each type of weed may be difficult and even complicated. Is there really that big of a difference between each of them to be noticeable? Well, familiarizing yourself with how marijuana works will take some time. And by first understanding the concept behind different types of weed, you will surely be taking a step in the right direction.
THREE MAIN TYPES OF MARIJUANA:
Throughout the years, people have categorized cannabis species into three main kinds:
- Cannabis Indica
- Cannabis Sativa
- Cannabis Ruderalis
Each one of these species of cannabis has a specific set of traits that make them unique from one another. While many people have reported that the cannabis that they consume all feels the same, this couldn’t be further from the truth. The types of weed each have different places of origin, plant information, and effects among other things. With that being said, let us take a look at these types of weed.
Origin: The cannabis indica plant is a very solid and sturdy type of weed. It is believed that this marijuana strain first originated in mountainous regions of both Southern and Central Asia. Countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey, Sri Lanka, and the Indian subcontinent are known for being top producers of marijuana for many years now. As such, cannabis indica plants tend to thrive in growing conditions that emulate the climate found in these places.
Plant Information: Expert growers can easily tell the dominant genotype of a cannabis plant simply by observing the plant structure. Cannabis Indicas typically display a very short and stout cannabis plant, often measuring around 2 to 4 feet in height. The leaves are wide and broad, often displaying a very dark shade of green. Additionally, both its plant and buds are dense and compact. Cannabis Indicas are generally faster to grow than Sativas. They have an average flowering period of seven to eight weeks.
Effects: Cannabis Indicas is known to induce a more physical impact rather than being overwhelmingly psychoactive. People often describe the sensations as being more “stoned” rather than “high”. They offer a very relaxing and sedating effect on both the mind and body. As such, most indica-dominant marijuana strains are considered to be great for nighttime use.
Origin: Cannabis Sativa, much like Indicas, was also first discovered in areas where they are exposed to long hours of sunlight and warm temperatures. They are believed to have originated in places such as Southern Asia, Central Europe, and some areas in Central America. They are accustomed to dry and sunny weather as well as spacious growing areas. African valleys are known to produce an abundant array of Sativa plants.
Plant Information: Sativas generally thrive in wide and spacious environments. As such, they typically grow much taller than indica strains. Cannabis sativa plants reach heights of up to 10 to 12 feet. This makes them perfect for outdoor cultivation setups. Additionally, Sativas display a thinner and lankier look than Indicas. Their stems and branches are long and narrow. Leaves of this strain tend to take the shape of long fingers. Cannabis sativa strains also take longer to mature and blossom into marijuana buds. Their average flowering period takes around ten to twelve weeks.
Effects: Cannabis Sativas deliver a very energizing and uplifting high when being consumed. Users will normally feel trippy and happy as the psychoactive effects take over their bodies. It provides a more euphoric feeling, making it great for mitigating any mental health conditions that people may be suffering. Users will also see a boost in their creativity and productivity, often inducing a very productive feeling among people.
Origin: The cannabis Ruderalis species was first discovered in areas that display a very harsh climate and extreme weather conditions. Places such as Russia, Siberia, the Himalayas, and parts of Central Europe are home to the very first species of cannabis Ruderalis. The Ruderalis species is more commonly used for its autoflowering genetics rather than its effects and cultivation properties.
Plant Information: Coming from such extreme weather conditions have made the cannabis Ruderalis a very strong and enduring marijuana species. These small, compact bushes of cannabis display very strong branches and a very high resistance to molds and infestations. Because of this, they are extremely easy to grow and cultivate. Pure cannabis Ruderalis plants grow only up to a height of 1 to 3 feet. Additionally, they have typically long flowering periods that may last well up to a month. Cannabis Ruderalis also displays small leaves and popcorn-sized marijuana buds.
Effects: Because of the very low potency that pure cannabis Ruderalis strains have, they depend on other species in order to induce psychoactive feelings. AS such, cannabis Ruderalis is often used to crossbreed hybrid marijuana strains. Marijuana seed developers do this in order to make use of the autoflowering characteristic that Ruderalis plants carry.
Side note: WHAT ARE MARIJUANA HYBRIDS?
Basically, marijuana hybrids are strains that contain a mixed genotype of indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis genetics regardless of the portions. Because of the combination instilled into them, they typically display various traits and characteristics that come from all three species of cannabis. Additionally, their effects and uses also greatly vary.
Understanding the different types of weed can definitely help marijuana growers and consumers choose the right strains for them. Knowing how these types of weed affect the body can help customers narrow down their search for a strain that would fit their needs. Additionally, growers can optimize their cultivation habits with respect to how these different types of weed grow and develop. So if you plan on starting your own cannabis journey, it would be wise to know the different types of weed first.