These days, it is now easier for you to get your hands on some of the highest quality cannabis seeds and plants thanks to how they are now available online and in many dispensaries in places where marijuana is legal. Today, there are even weed plant seed banks that do not only sell cannabis seeds but also marijuana plants and flowers themselves.
This rapid rise and growth of cannabis are due in large part to the legalization of marijuana in many countries and states across North America. Because of that, the demand for marijuana has actually increased exponentially to the point that Canada is now facing shortages in supply.
Because it can be pretty hard to get your hands on some high-quality marijuana legally if you happen to be in a country or state that has already legalized marijuana use and cultivation, you might want to start growing your own weed at home instead.
But before you start growing your own plants, you have to know which of the following to use:
What are Cannabis Clones?
When you hear the word “cloning” you immediately think of a futuristic setting where a machine can immediately make exact replicas of persons. Hollywood is responsible for giving us that notion of what cloning is as we have seen plenty of films involving clones and their originals.
However, when you talk about cloning cannabis or any plant for that matter, it is far from being futuristic and is more than likely a primitive practice that has been used for hundreds of years already.
Cannabis cloning is when you cut up a part of a “mother plant” and plant it in a rooting medium to create a clone of the original marijuana plant. This is also a form of asexual production in the plant world as many other different types of plants can produce their own clones using the same method.
In that sense, cloning in the cannabis world is actually a natural process rather than the artificial one you see in most sci-fi films and shows. It is as simple as cutting up a part of the mother cannabis plant and planting it so that it produces a new plant that has the same qualities and attributes as that of its parent.
Why Use Clones?
Clones are commonly used by dispensaries that sell marijuana flowers in their stores because of how they make sure that their buds stay consistent in terms of flavor, aroma, effects, and overall quality.
Clones are the reason why most cannabis enthusiasts develop a particular fondness for certain strains of marijuana because every time a person comes back to the dispensary to get buds of the same strain, he or she will get something that is consistent with the one he or she had a few days or weeks ago.
In a sense, by using clones to start your own cannabis garden, you can make sure that the quality and attributes of your buds will stay consistent from plant to plant regardless of when they were grown. As long as they have the same mother plant, they will end up with the same attributes.
- You will end up with females
Of course, if you are cutting up a part of the female mother plant, then the clone that comes from that marijuana plant will naturally and obviously end up as female. In that sense, you no longer have to worry about having cannabis plants that would end up as useless males with no buds because all your clones were cut up from the same a mother plant that is female.
The truth is that we all play favoritism in almost everything we do. When you are growing cannabis plants, you most likely have a favorite that produces high-quality buds and is more resistant to negative conditions.
So if you want your garden to be full of cannabis plants that have the same qualities and attributes as your favorite one, you can use clones instead so that you can produce weeds that are genetically the same as the best one in your garden.
- They make things faster
When you use cannabis seeds, you have to germinate them and wait for them to mature all the way from seedling to flowering marijuana plants. That can take about an average of nine weeks. For some growers, time is of the essence and they do not have the luxury to wait for more than two months just for their plants to flower.
Meanwhile, clones are cut from mature cannabis plants and are already several weeks ahead of seeds the moment you plant them in their medium. Depending on the strain and on certain cases, you may be able to cut two to three weeks off your normal waiting period if you use cannabis clones instead.
- Clones make things easier
Clones are normally regarded as easier to grow compared to seeds because they are already a few weeks ahead of schedule when you plant them. That means that they no longer have to go through the hardships that young seedlings have to go through.
The most challenging part of the clone’s life is the initial shock when you plant them. At this point, they are extra sensitive as they would need a bit more care and attention from you after you transplant them to their own medium. But once they have begun to adjust to their new identities, the ride will be a lot smoother.
What are Cannabis Seeds?
Cannabis seeds do not need a lot of explanation as they are basically the same as any other plant seed. The seeds basically hold the genetic material of a plant and act as a protective casing for the life that they carry.
To make sure the genetic material in the plant would not go to waste, your job as a cannabis grower is to germinate the seeds. Germination happens when new life begins to sprout out from the seed after the seeds get enough of the required moisture, warmth, and darkness for them to germinate. There are several methods of germination, and deciding which of those methods to use is entirely up to your own personal preferences.
Why Use Seeds?
- The taproot
When you germinate cannabis seeds, the first signs of life is the taproot. The taproot is regarded as the main root from which all roots begin to grow. Experts believe that a plant with a taproot will be better supported as they grow. This means that they are stronger than those without taproots.
Meanwhile, clones do not have taproots as they were merely grown out of a mature mother plant. Instead, what they have are secondary roots called the fibrous root system.
- Plants that grow from seeds do not inherit weaknesses
One drawback of using clones is that the clones also inherit the weaknesses of their mother plant and not just their strengths. That means that if the mother plant is susceptible to certain pests or diseases, the clones will most likely be just as weak.
Meanwhile, marijuana plants that grow from seeds do not inherit the weaknesses of the previous generations because they are entirely different plants that have their own identities. They may develop their own weaknesses sometime in the future but you can be sure that those weaknesses are there not because they inherited them from their parents.
- Genetic diversity
Since you will be growing plants from seeds that have their own identities, it also follows that the plants will be more genetically diverse when compared to one another. As such, the marijuana plants you will have in your garden all have their own strengths and weaknesses since their genetics will be more genetically versatile compared to clones.
- Plants that come from seeds are younger
Cannabis is an annual plant that has a lifespan that is almost a year long. They were never meant to last for more than a year. As such, if you grow a clone from a parent plant that has already reached its point of maturity, then the clone is more than likely just as genetically old as its mother plant. So even if the clone is just a few months old, it is genetically older than it actually is and will eventually start to slow down in terms of its yields.
Meanwhile, marijuana grown from seeds are younger in the sense that they follow the usual course of life of a cannabis plant. In that sense, a plant grown from seed that is just as old as a clone can very well give you heavier yields in the long run because they are actually genetically younger than their clone counterparts.
Which of the Two is the Better Choice for You?
Choosing which between clones or seeds to use to start your cannabis garden actually boils down to preferences and priority since both sources of cannabis plants have their own advantages. For example, if you value speed and consistent quality over any other factor, then it might be best for you to choose clones. However, if you think that long-run harvests and genetic diversity are better qualities for your cannabis garden to have, then you might be better off starting with marijuana seeds.